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Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms and Signs

The signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis are almost uncountable. There are over 50 signs and symptoms linked with multiple sclerosis (MS) - including numbness, depression, vision problems and fatigue. Your symptoms will vary in their duration, severity and treatment. Learn more about the MS symptoms that you may experience and how to manage them.

Speech Difficulties as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Many people with MS experience some difficulties with their speech. Fortunately, these rarely progress to the point where someone is unable to communicate.

Treatment of Cognitive Dysfunction in Multiple Approaches
Cognitive dysfunction affects at least 50% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Direct treatment of this symptom has not been successful. However, there are some approaches and treatments that may help people with MS-related cognitive dysfunction.

Itching as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Itching is a rare, but distressing paroxysmal symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). There are treatments available that have been shown to be effective.

Weird MS Symptoms and Phenomena: Julie's List
Multiple sclerosis (MS) comes with many strange symptoms. Although doctors will tell you that there are over 60 symptoms of MS and that it is an unpredictable disease, there are several things that people with MS experience that are not recognized by many people who do not have MS. I have made a list of some of them here.

Tips for Dealing with Trigeminal Neuralgia in People
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN), also known as Tic Doloreux, might be the very most painful symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). While it is difficult to totally alleviate the pain with at-home remedies, some of these tips might bring a little comfort.

Does MS-related Cognitive Dysfunction Progress Like Alzheimer's Disease?
Many people with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience cognitive dysfunction, which manifests as problems with attention spans, short-term memory, word-finding problems and processing speed. While Alzheimer's disease shares some of these symptoms, the progression continues, whereas in MS, most cognitive-related symptoms eventually stabilize.

ALS and MS Symptoms
ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or Lou Gehrig's disease) and MS (multiple sclerosis) share many symptoms, although they are very different diseases.

ALS and MS Symptoms
ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or Lou Gehrig's disease) and MS (multiple sclerosis) share many symptoms, although they are very different diseases.

Is hip and/or knee pain a symptom of multiple sclerosis?
Although joint pain is not a direct symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), many people with MS experience pain and soreness in their knees and hips. This is usually a result of an altered gait, due to spasticity, loss of balance or incoordination.

Multiple Sclerosis Fatigue Tips - People with MS Share Fatigue Tips
Fatigue is one of the worst symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) for many people. Not only is it invisible to others, it is also very difficult to describe. How have you found relief from fatigue? Share your ideas and tips here - even a tiny energy boost is helpful.

Numbness and Tingling in Multiple Sclerosis - Multiple Sclerosis Symp…
Most of us with multiple sclerosis (MS) have experienced numbness and tingling, called parasthesia. While considered a "benign" symptom, meaning not indicative of worsening disease or disability, it is still annoying and can be painful. Share your story and hear from others here.

Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms and Other People - How Others Point Out M…
Other people may see symptoms that we don't. Often it is helpful when they point them out, sometimes it is hurtful, depending on the situation and delivery. Share your story here.

Pain and Multiple Sclerosis - Multiple Sclerosis Pain Experiences
Most of us have experienced pain as a part of multiple sclerosis (MS). Share your story here and learn about the experiences of others.

MS Cognitive Dysfunction Situations - MS Cognitive Dysfunctio…
Many people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have cognitive dysfunction that has caused situations that are scary, funny or embarrassing. Share your story here and read about the experiences of other people with MS.

Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms that Resulted in Diagnosis - Multiple Scl…
We all have a story about the multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms that resulted in our diagnosis. Share yours here and learn about the experiences of others.

Restless Legs Syndrome in People with Multiple Sclerosis
Research shows that people with multiple sclerosis (MS) are about five times more likely to have restless legs syndrome (RLS) than people in the general population. Restless legs syndrome symptoms are very different from other symptoms of MS, such as spasticity and parasthesia (numbness and tingling). Learn about restless legs syndrome in multiple sclerosis here.

Can MS-Related Fatigue Make Me "Lose My Mind?"
Multiple sclerosis fatigue can impact brain function differently than fatigue impacts brain function in people without multiple sclerosis. In fact, executive function (high level brain functions like decision making) is severally hampered when a a person with multiple sclerosis s suffering from fatigue.

Spasticity and Stiffness as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Spasticity is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Much spasticity is experienced as slight to moderate difficulty moving, as muscles don't relax as quickly or easily as they should. However, some spasticity is more dramatic and can cause long-term problems and contribute to lack of mobility. Many treatments for spasticity in MS are available.

Overview of Pain as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Pain is now recognized as one of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). There are several causes, including the disease process itself or as a result of other symptoms. Some types of MS-related pain are sudden and fleeting, while others are more chronic.

Paroxysmal Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
Paroxysmal symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) come on suddenly, last for only seconds or minutes, then go away. They do not signal a relapse or disease progression. They can usually be treated very successfully.

Seizures as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Epilepsy and seizures as a symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS) are rare, only occurring in 2 to 3 percent of people with MS. However, this is still higher than in the general population. These seizures in people with MS tend to be either tonic-clonic or partial seizures, and can usually be treated very successfully with medications.

Cognitive Dysfunction as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Cognitive dysfunction is one of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), yet one of the most overlooked. Problems with short-term memory, attention difficulties and word-finding problems are all part of MS-related cognitive dysfunction.

Ask Your Friends About Your Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms
Others may notice multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms that we may be unaware of. It is important that people mention these MS symptoms to you, as it may be a sign that you are having a relapse or just need to slow down or cool off.

Problems Swallowing as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Problems with swallowing, called dysphagia, is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). It includes choking, coughing, gagging and problems with the voice.

Headaches as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are more likely to experience migraines or cluster headaches than those in the general population. There are several different causes for headaches in people with MS, including: medication side effects, lesions, optic neuritis and depression.

Optic Neuritis as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Optic neuritis is a fairly common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), affecting up to half of people with MS. Also, 50 to 60 percent of people experiencing optic neuritis will go on to develop MS in the next 10 years. The main symptoms of optic neuritis are: pain when moving the eyes, absence of color in viewed objects and blurring or blank spots in the visual field.

Erectile Dysfunction as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Erectile dysfunction is a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), experienced by up to 85% of men with MS.

Respiratory Problems in People with Multiple Sclerosis
Many people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have low respiratory function, even though they might not have noticed it or associated it with MS. Coughing, frequent sighing and shortness of breath can all be part of MS.

Numbness and Tingling as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Numbness and tingling is a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), known as parasthesia. This type of symptom is described as tingling, burning, prickling, itching, numbness or the feeling of “pins-and-needles.”

I have to get up often during the night to urinate. Is this related to my MS?
Frequent urination at night is called nocturia, which is a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Severe Facial Pain as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Trigeminal neuralgia, also known as tic doloureux, is perhaps the most painful symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Experienced by 4% of people with MS, it is a sharp, severe pain in the lower part of the face, often brought on by chewing or touch.

Constipation as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Constipation is a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), with up to 75% of people with MS experiencing it at some point. It is caused by many different things, including MS lesions and certain medications.

An In-Depth Look at IEED in Multiple Sclerosis
Involuntary emotional expression disorder (IEED), also known as pseudobulbar affect, is a symptom that affects approximately 10% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). IEED is characterized by outbursts of crying or laughter, but without corresponding emotions behind these outbursts. Learn more about IEED to make sure that you are receiving the correct diagnosis and treatment.

Vertigo in Multiple Sclerosis
Vertigo is a fairly common symptom of MS, occurring in about 20% of people at some point. The good news it that it is not a permanent symptom, and may not even indicate a new lesion or inflammation, as vertigo can have non-MS causes.

BPPV as a Cause of Vertigo in Multiple Sclerosis
About 20% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience vertigo at some point. While this can be caused by an MS lesion, it is actually more likely to be caused by benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV), a condition which is largely unrelated to MS and can be treated without medications.

Dysphonia
Dysphonia is an impairment of the voice and is a fairly common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Scanning Speech
Scanning speech is a speech disorder in which syllables of words are separated by pauses. It can be a symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Neuralgia
Neuralgia is sharp pain in a nerve or along a nerve pathway. It can be a symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Flexor Spasms
Flexor spasms are a form of spasticity in which the legs or other limbs are pulled upward into a clenched position.

Scotoma
A scotoma is an area of reduced vision or blindness. It is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), indicating the presence of optic neuritis.

Hemiparesis
Hemiparesis is weakness or partial paralysis on one side of the body. It can be a symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Ataxia
Ataxia is a lack of coordination and unsteadiness. It is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Sensory Ataxia
Sensory ataxia is a lack of coordination caused by numbness in the feet. It can be a symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Paresis
Paresis is muscle weakness or incomplete paralysis. It is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Parasthesia
Parasthesia describes an abnormal sensation that is not typically painful.

Nocturia
Nocturia is the need to urinate frequently at night.

Nystagmus
Nystagmus means involuntary, rapid repetitive movements of the eyes.

Dysphasia
Dysphasia is difficulty understanding or using language. It can be a symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Extensor Spasms
Extensor spasms are a form of spasticity in which the legs suddenly straighten into a stiff, extended position. This is a fairly common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Dystonia
Dystonia is impaired or disordered muscle tone, which is characterized by slow movement or an extended, sustained spasm in a group of muscles. It can be a symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Dysarthria
Dysarthria is a fairly common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). It is a speech disorder in which the pronunciation is unclear, but the meaning of what is said is normal.

Dysdiadochokinesia
Dysdiadochokinesia is the inability to perform rapid, alternating movements. It is a common sign of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Dysesthesia
Dysesthesia is a condition in which a light touch is perceived as painful or unpleasant. It is a common sensory symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Dysmetria
Dysmetria is the inability to coordinate movements, characterized by “overshooting” or “undershooting” the intended position of the hand, arm or leg. It is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Ageusia
Ageusia is the loss of the sense of taste and is a rare symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Diplopia or Double Vision
Diplopia, or "double vision" is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Aphasia
Aphasia is difficulty understanding the speech of other people and/or expressing oneself verbally. While people with multiple sclerosis (MS) often have trouble finding words or communicating, this is more often dysphasia, a symptom of MS which is not as severe as aphasia.

Loss of Proprioception
Proprioception is the sense of one's body in relation to itself and the world. Multiple sclerosis (MS) often affects a person's sense of balance by slowing down transmission of signals that regulate proprioception. This is known as Romberg's sign.

Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis
Fatigue is the most common symptom of multiple sclerosis - it is estimated that between 85 and 95 percent of people with MS experience MS-related fatigue at some point.

Sometimes my pupils are different sizes. What causes this?
People with MS occasionally experience a phenomenon known as afferent pupillary defect (APD), which is when one pupil dilates when it would normally constrict. This is due to inflammation of the optic nerve, or optic neuritis.

Q. What causes fatigue in people with multiple sclerosis?
Fatigue is the most common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), and often the most debilitating. At its worst, it is the result of many factors combined, including the MS disease process itself, as well as side effects from medications, exacerbations of other symptoms, and lack of exercise and good nutrition. Learn more about the causes of MS fatigue.

Heat Intolerance Overview
If you have multiple sclerosis (MS), there is a good chance that you have felt negative effects from the heat in the form of increased symptoms from pseudoexacerbations. These symptoms can range from annoying to debilitating, but usually disappear quickly once you cool down. Learn more here about heat intolerance and pseudoexacerbations.

Depression Overview
Depression is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). It is often confusing to diagnose, as it shares many of the same symptoms with MS itself. However, if you have MS and are experiencing sadness or loss of interest in things, you need to seek help. A doctor can determine your level of depression and the appropriate treatment.

Tremor Overview
Tremor is a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). It can happen when a person is trying to do something with their hands or when standing or sitting, and severity can range from barely noticeable to significantly interfering with daily tasks. Learn more about tremor as a symptom of MS.

Tips for Managing the "MS Hug"
You can manage the pain and annoyance of the "MS hug" through deep breathing, medications and other techniques. Read these tips for dealing with this common MS symptom.

Multiple Sclerosis “Hug” or Girdle-Band Sensation
The “MS hug” or girdle-band sensation is a symptom of multiple sclerosis, resulting in a painful or tingling feeling around the torso or in one area on the abdomen or chest.

Multiple Sclerosis Symptom Log
Multiple sclerosis symptoms can be strange and unpredictable. By understanding your symptoms and the triggers for them you can better manage your MS.

MS Symptom Overview
Multiple sclerosis (MS) has a wide range of symptoms and signs. From cognitive difficulties to problems controlling muscles, MS can have an effect on almost any body system. By knowing the symptoms you can more actively manage your MS.

Bladder Dysfunction and Multiple Sclerosis
Bladder dysfunction is one of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Problems with urination, whether it be urinary hesitancy, frequency or incontinence, should never be ignored. Learn the facts about bladder dysfunction and what to do to get relief from your symptoms.

Q. Can people have fibromyalgia and MS at the same time?
While fibromyalgia and multiple sclerosis (MS) are two very different chronic diseases, they share many symptoms and similarities. This may lead to misdiagnosis or a missed diagnosis of fibromyalgia in a person with MS, or vice versa.

Get a Grip on Your MS Symptoms by Rating Them
By placing your symptoms on a scale at a particular moment in time, you may be able to gain some perspective and get an edge on them. It may just...

Hearing Problems and Multiple Sclerosis
Hearing loss or tinnitus (ringing in the ears) can be a rare symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Hearing problems in people with MS tend to be unilateral (affecting one ear) and usually resolve completely.

Tips for Dealing with Numbness and Tingling as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Numbness and tingling, also known as paresthesia, are a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). While there are very few things your doctor can do to help you get relief from this MS symptom, there may be some things that you can try that can make you feel better.

How Cold Affects Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
Although most people with multiple sclerosis (MS) feel worse in the heat, there is a percentage of us who have increased symptoms in cold weather.

Q. What sets off your MS symptoms?
Some common things can make MS symptoms worse for some people. It may be food, noise or temperature, as well as many other things.

Coughing and Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis and Sun Exposure
Most people with MS experience increased symptoms in the heat. I find just being in direct sun for any amount of time is enough to stress me out, even before I feel it physically.

Pseudobulbar Affect and Euphoria:
Both of these symptoms have unusual outward manifestations of extreme emotions, but are very different from each other.

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