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Multiple Sclerosis: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
What Are the Warning Signs of Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) has a wide range of symptoms and signs. From cognitive difficulties to problems controlling muscles, MS can have an effect on almost any body system.
Don't Ignore This Important Symptom of Multiple...
Numbness and tingling is a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), known as parasthesia. This type of symptom is described as tingling, burning, prickling, itching, numbness or the feeling of “pins-and-needles.”
MS 101: Learn the Facts on Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a complex disease with many symptoms, degrees of severity and courses of progression. Learn the basics about MS, including: multiple sclerosis symptoms, risk factors, treatment, types, relapses, diagnosis and things to avoid if you have MS.
The 3 Types of Pain in Multiple Sclerosis
Pain is now recognized as one of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS).A description of some types of MS-related pain, from fleeting to chronic.
What Is Multiple Sclerosis 'Hug' Pain?
Multiple sclerosis pain comes in unusual places. The “MS hug” or girdle-band sensation is a symptom of multiple sclerosis, resulting in a painful or tingling feeling around the torso or in one area on the abdomen or chest.
5 Reasons Multiple Sclerosis Is Hard to Diagnose
Multiple sclerosis (MS) diagnosis is extremely difficult. Many people live years with MS before receiving a definitive diagnosis. There are a wide variety of tests that may used in multiple sclerosis diagnosis including MRIs, spinal taps (lumbar punctures) and more.
Reasons to Avoid or Limit Alcohol if You Have MS
While alcohol can be enjoyable, even a small amount can worsen certain MS symptoms for some people.
What Are the Symptoms of MS and ALS?
ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease) and MS (multiple sclerosis) share many symptoms, although they are very different diseases.
How Does Heat Intolerance Affect Multiple...
If you have multiple sclerosis (MS), there is a good chance that you have felt negative effects from the heat in the form of increased symptoms from pseudoexacerbations. These symptoms can range from annoying to debilitating, but usually disappear quickly once you cool down. Learn more here about heat intolerance and pseudoexacerbations.
Possible Causes for Headaches With MS
Headaches are a common symptom of multiple sclerosis. People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are more likely to experience migraines or cluster headaches than those in the general population. There are several different causes for headaches in people with MS, including: medication side effects, lesions, optic neuritis and depression.
Top 10 Multiple Sclerosis Cooling Products
MS cooling products can help reduce the severity of multiple sclerosis symptoms. Heat can cause MS symptoms to worsen. These cooling products may help you to be more active and tolerate heat better.
Is a Vitamin B12 Deficiency Common in Multiple...
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are at higher risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. Low levels of vitamin B12 can mimic and exacerbate many MS symptoms, including fatigue, depression and memory loss. Treatment for vitamin B12 deficiency is simple, involving oral supplements or intramuscular injections.
Is Severe Facial Pain a Symptom of Multiple...
Trigeminal neuralgia, also known as tic doloureux, is perhaps the most painful symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Experienced by 4% of people with MS, it is a sharp, severe pain in the lower part of the face, often brought on by chewing or touch.
Multiple Sclerosis and ALS
Although multiple sclerosis (MS) and ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease) are both chronic neurological diseases, they have different causes and different courses.
Are You Itchy? It May Be a Sign of Multiple...
Itching is a rare, but distressing, paroxysmal symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). There are treatments available that have been shown to be effective.
Symptoms of Optic Neuritis (and What to Do...
Optic neuritis is a fairly common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), affecting up to half of people with MS. Also, 50 to 60 percent of people experiencing optic neuritis will go on to develop MS in the next 10 years. The main symptoms of optic neuritis are: pain when moving the eyes, absence of color in viewed objects and blurring or blank spots in the visual field.
Hand Tremors? It May Be a Sign of Multiple...
Tremors are a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Tremors can happen when a person is trying to do something with their hands or when standing or sitting, and severity can range from barely noticeable to significantly interfering with daily tasks. Learn more about tremors as a symptom of multiple sclerosis.
What to Do When You Get a Multiple Sclerosis...
Multiple sclerosis relapses/exacerbations can be frustrating and cause anxiety. MS patients need to understand how symptoms appear and disappear.
Alcoholism and Multiple Sclerosis
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have a higher risk for alcoholism and alcohol abuse.
Can You Have Fibromyalgia and MS at the Same...
While fibromyalgia and multiple sclerosis (MS) are two very different chronic diseases, they share many symptoms and similarities. This may lead to misdiagnosis or a missed diagnosis of fibromyalgia in a person with MS, or vice versa.
Donating Blood if You Have MS
People with MS are technically eligible to donate blood, if they meet other eligibility requirements. However, some individual donation centers still reject people with MS from blood donation.
Trouble Breathing? It May Be a Sign of Multiple...
Coughing can be a symptom of multiple sclerosisMany people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have low respiratory function, even though they might not have noticed it or associated it with multiple sclerosis. Coughing, frequent sighing and shortness of breath can all be part of multiple sclerosis.
Achy Knee or Hip? How to Tell if It’s a...
Although joint pain is not a direct symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), many people with MS experience pain and soreness in their knees and hips. This is usually a result of an altered gait, due to spasticity, loss of balance or incoordination.
What’s the Relationship Between Bladder...
Bladder dysfunction is one of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Problems with urination, whether it be urinary hesitancy, frequency or incontinence, should never be ignored. Learn the facts about bladder dysfunction and what to do to get relief from your symptoms.
Stiff Muscles? It May Be a Sign of Multiple...
Spasticity is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Much spasticity is experienced as slight to moderate difficulty moving, as muscles don't relax as quickly or easily as they should. However, some spasticity is more dramatic and can cause long-term problems and contribute to lack of mobility. Many treatments for spasticity in MS are available.
7 Symptoms of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencep...
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare, but very serious side effect of Tysabri (natalizumab), a MS disease-modifying therapy. Know the symptoms of PML if you or a loved one is being treated with Tysabri, so that you can act quickly to receive a prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment, if necessary.
Are You Feeling Vertigo? It May Be a Sign of MS
Vertigo is a fairly common symptom of MS, occurring in about 20% of people at some point. The good news it that it is not a permanent symptom, and may not even indicate a new lesion or inflammation, as vertigo can have non-MS causes.
9 Tips for Managing the ‘MS Hug’
You can manage the pain and annoyance of the
7 Things to Consider When Looking for a MS Doctor
Multiple sclerosis doctors are called neurologists. Finding a neurologist for multiple sclerosis can be an intimidating and confusing process. By following these simple steps, you can help yourself find the right MS neurologist.
Can I Die from Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is sometimes reported as a cause of death, especially in high profile celebrity cases. The truth is that it is very rare that anyone dies directly from multiple sclerosis. Instead, a person with MS is much more likely to die from the same things as every one else: heart disease, cancer and stroke.
6 Distinct Characteristics of Fatigue in...
Fatigue is the most common symptom of multiple sclerosis - it is estimated that between 85 and 95 percent of people with MS experience MS-related fatigue at some point.
Weird MS Symptoms and Phenomena: Julie's List
Multiple sclerosis (MS) comes with many strange symptoms. Although doctors will tell you that there are over 60 symptoms of MS and that it is an unpredictable disease, there are several things that people with MS experience that are not recognized by many people who do not have MS. I have made a list of some of them here.
Balance Dogs for Multiple Sclerosis
Many people living with multiple sclerosis (MS) have difficulty moving from place to place due to numbness in their legs, which results in feelings of instability and a lack of balance. MS-related fatigue can also cause MS patients to fall, feel unbalanced or have difficulty walking. While canes and other aids can help, one of the most exciting new developments is the use of balance dogs for people living with MS.
Cognitive Dysfunction as a Symptom of Multiple...
Cognitive dysfunction is one of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), yet one of the most overlooked. Problems with short-term memory, attention difficulties and word-finding problems are all part of MS-related cognitive dysfunction.
The Causes of Multiple Sclerosis
The causes of multiple sclerosis are largely unknown, though some researchers believe that a combination of environment, immune system activity, infection and genetics are at work in causing multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes are potentially wide-ranging and include environmental, genetic and other factors.
Hearing Problems and Multiple Sclerosis
Hearing loss or tinnitus (ringing in the ears) can be a rare symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). Hearing problems in people with MS tend to be unilateral (affecting one ear) and usually resolve completely.
Multiple Sclerosis Drugs - Exploring Your Options
Multiple sclerosis drugs can alter the course of multiple sclerosis (MS) by slowing the progression of the disease. There are several multiple sclerosis drugs on the market, including Betaseron, Copaxone, Avonex and others, all of which work to modify the disease. Before working with your doctor to choose an MS drug that is right for you, however, you should review the differences in these medications carefully.
Restless Legs Syndrome in People with Multiple...
Research shows that people with multiple sclerosis (MS) are about five times more likely to have restless legs syndrome (RLS) than people in the general population. Restless legs syndrome symptoms are very different from other symptoms of MS, such as spasticity and parasthesia (numbness and tingling). Learn about restless legs syndrome in multiple sclerosis here.
5 Tips for Relieving Trigeminal Neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia (TN), also known as Tic Doloreux, might be the very most painful symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). While it is difficult to totally alleviate the pain with at-home remedies, some of these tips might bring a little comfort.
Are You Exposed to Any Radiation During an MRI...
Most people with multiple sclerosis (MS) get MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans at least annually, if not more often. Fortunately, there is no radiation exposure during an MRI scan, unlike other test, such as CT scans or X-rays.
What Are the Side Effects of Solu-Medrol...
Solu-Medrol has many side effects and treatment with this drug can be stressful. Solu-Medrol is a corticosteroid given to people with multiple sclerosis (MS) to shorten relapses. Learn some tips on how to manage some of the side effects so that you can have a better experience.
Why Do Spinal Taps Cause Painful Headaches?
Headaches are the most common side effect of lumbar punctures, also called spinal taps. While painful and frightening, these headaches can be treated quickly and successfully.
Multiple Sclerosis Types
These types are: relapsing-remitting MS, primary-progressive MS, secondary-progressive MS, and progressive-relapsing MS.
Seizures as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Epilepsy and seizures as a symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS) are rare, only occurring in 2 to 3 percent of people with MS. However, this is still higher than in the general population. These seizures in people with MS tend to be either tonic-clonic or partial seizures, and can usually be treated very successfully with medications.
9 Potential Swallowing Problems of Multiple...
Problems with swallowing, called dysphagia, is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). It includes choking, coughing, gagging and problems with the voice.
Do Your Thoughts Make Your MS Feel Worse?
Multiple sclerosis can make us feel terrible. However, when we think negative thoughts about our MS, this may make us feel even worse. Learn how to fight self-limiting beliefs.
Peripheral Neuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy is damage to the peripheral nervous system that causes pain, numbness, tingling and/or muscle weakness in the extremities.
Gifts NOT to Give to People With Multiple...
Most people love to give and receive presents. However, if the person who you are giving a gift to has multiple sclerosis (MS), there are a couple of tips to keep in mind to keep the experience positive and make the gift a welcome one.
Marriage and Multiple Sclerosis –...
Marriage and multiple sclerosis can present special challenges. Symptoms, changes in roles, sexual problems and other factors can put a strain on marriages. Open, honest communication and good planning can remove much of this stress.
6 Tips for Dealing With Numbness and Tingling...
Numbness and tingling, also known as paresthesia, are a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). While there are very few things your doctor can do to help you get relief from this MS symptom, there may be some things that you can try that can make you feel better.
Constipation as a Symptom of Multiple Sclerosis
Constipation is a common symptom of MS, with up to 75% experiencing it. A look at its causes, such as side effect of medication and not drinking enough water.
How Much Vitamin D is Safe to Take for People...
Many people with multiple sclerosis (MS) take supplemental vitamin D, often in large doses. It is important to know what safe dosages of vitamin D are.
How Does Multiple Sclerosis Affect Your Balance?
Proprioception is the sense of one's body in relation to itself and the world. Multiple sclerosis (MS) often affects a person's sense of balance by slowing down transmission of signals that regulate proprioception. This is known as Romberg's sign.
A Multiple Sclerosis Visualization
Multiple sclerosis (MS) feels different for everyone, both physically and emotionally. This article is my attempt to communicate how MS affects me in a way that others can understand.
Paroxysmal Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
Paroxysmal symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) come on suddenly, last for only seconds or minutes, then go away. They do not signal a relapse or disease progression. They can usually be treated very successfully.
Top 10 Ways to Increase Life Expectancy with...
Live well and live long with MS. Learn ways to increase your health, protect yourself from age-related diseases and make your later years your best years.
Coughing and Multiple Sclerosis
When you have MS, a cough associated with a cold or bronchitis may last much longer than in people without MS. It is important to see a doctor at the first sign of a cough.
BPPV as a Cause of Vertigo in Multiple Sclerosis
About 20% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience vertigo at some point. While this can be caused by an MS lesion, it is actually more likely to be caused by benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV), a condition which is largely unrelated to MS and can be treated without medications.
Who Gets Mulitple Sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis risk factors are tricky. Because the exact causes of MS are unknown, researchers only partially understand MS risk factors. They have found that some things, like having a sibling with MS, increases risk slightly. However, much of MS risk remains unexplained.
Can the ‘Best Bet Diet’ Help Treat...
The Best Bet Diet is based on the idea that food crossing the gut contributes to the autoimmune response and leads to multiple sclerosis (MS) in susceptible individuals. Therefore, the proponents of this diet claim, eliminating these
What to Expect During an MRI Scan
MRI scans do not hurt, but are unlike anything you’ve ever done before. Know what to expect and you’ll breeze through your MRI scan.
Vitamin D and Multiple Sclerosis
The majority of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) are deficient in vitamin D. This contributes to our susceptibility to osteoporosis, which people with MS are much more likely to get. In addition, vitamin D may have some positive effect on the immune system that could help reduce inflammation associated with MS.
Is Copaxone the Right Treatment for Your...
If you are considering Copaxone as a treatment for multiple sclerosis, you need to know the facts about Copaxone's side effects, efficacy, cost, contraindications, convenience and more
What Is the Expanded Disability Status Scale...
The Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) is a rating system that is frequently used for classifying and standardizing the condition of people with multiple sclerosis (MS).
Multiple Sclerosis Drug Financial Assistance...
Multiple sclerosis (MS) drugs are extremely expensive. Learn ways to help pay for your MS medications, including patient assistance programs and other programs.
Who Is at Risk for Secondary-Progressive...
Secondary-progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) is diagnosed in about half of people who originally had relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), although disease-modifying drugs may change these statistics. Learn about some signs that RRMS may become SPMS.
What Are the Typical Symptoms of Primary...
Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) is usually characterized by gradually worsening of the ability to walk. However, for a small minority of people, the main symptoms are tremor and problems with balance.
Multiple Sclerosis Cooling Products
MS cooling products can help reduce the severity of multiple sclerosis symptoms. Heat can cause MS symptoms to worsen. These cooling products may help you to be more active and tolerate heat better.
Make Your Own Cooling Products for MS Heat...
Tired of being trapped inside during the hot months due to multiple sclerosis-related heat intolerance? Try some of these items that you can make at home to help you beat the heat.
The Top 10 Pregnancy Questions for Women With MS
A diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) by itself is not a reason to avoid pregnancy, as used to be thought. There are many things to consider when planning to conceive, including treatment before and during pregnancy, and taking care of a child as well as yourself. Learn about how MS does – and does not – affect pregnancy.
Sometimes my pupils are different sizes. What...
People with MS occasionally experience a phenomenon known as afferent pupillary defect (APD), which is when one pupil dilates when it would normally constrict. This is due to inflammation of the optic nerve, or optic neuritis.
MS Diagnosis "Red Flags"
A multiple sclerosis (MS) diagnosis can be tricky, as symptoms are common with other diseases and are often vague. However, there are certain characteristics of patients or their symptoms that should make doctors investigate causes other than MS.
Pilot Study
A pilot study is a smaller version of a larger study that is conducted to prepare for that study. They are sometimes known as feasibility studies, if the objective is to determine the likelihood of success of a larger study.
How Do I Know if I'm Having an MS Relapse?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses sometimes come on strongly, with sudden loss of function. Learn how to tell if you are having a relapse.
Top 10 Sex Tips for Women with Multiple Sclerosis
Although it is estimated that about 75 percent of women with multiple sclerosis (MS) have some form of sexual dysfunction, this does not have to mean the end of intimacy for these women or their partners. There are many things that couples can do to maintain a healthy sex life and keep the romance in relationships.
Gadolinium-Enhanced Lesion
A gadolinium-enhanced lesion appears on an MRI scan as a bright spot and is an indication of active inflammation.
Depression and Multiple Sclerosis Overview
Depression is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS). It is often confusing to diagnose, as it shares many of the same symptoms with MS itself. However, if you have MS and are experiencing sadness or loss of interest in things, you need to seek help. A doctor can determine your level of depression and the appropriate treatment.
Treatment of MS-Related Headaches
Treatment for headaches in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is often the same as for people without MS. Your doctor will need to take several factors into consideration before choosing a treatment for you, including probable cause of the headaches and potential side effects of the different treatments.
Does Mono (Epstein-Barr Virus) Cause Multiple...
: Does Mono (Epstein-Barr Virus) Cause Multiple Sclerosis? When I posted this blog about the Epstein-Barr
What causes fatigue in people with multiple...
Fatigue is the most common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), and often the most debilitating. At its worst, it is the result of many factors combined, including the MS disease process itself, as well as side effects from medications, exacerbations of other symptoms, and lack of exercise and good nutrition. Learn more about the causes of MS fatigue.
Uhthoff's Sign
Uhthoff's sign is a symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS) in which a person's vision becomes blurred when the body's temperature increases.
Treatment of Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis
Fatigue is the most common MS symptom, but can be challenging to treat effectively, as it has many causes (including MS medications themselves).
Can I donate blood if I have multiple sclerosis?
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are now eligible to donate blood, according to the Blood Donation Eligibility Guidelines of the Red Cross, which were revised in May 2007. However, it is still possible that some blood banks have their own rules and will not allow people with MS to donate blood.
Medications for Urinary Tract Infections That...
Fatigue is one of the most common, and most disabling, symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Fatigue can be made worse by many medications, including antibiotics used to treat and prevent urinary tract infections. Learn about the side effects of these drugs and get tips for managing your fatigue.
Mornings with Multiple Sclerosis: Reader Stories
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) write about how they feel in the mornings.
My mom has MS. Is she going to die from it?
Family members of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have many questions about the prognosis of their loved ones, especially life expectancy. Learn some reassuring facts about MS and life expectancy.
T2-Weighted Lesions
T2-weighted lesions in MS are areas that appear as bright spots on MRI scans and indicate areas where myelin has been damaged or destroyed.
Tips to Survive the Summer with Multiple...
If you have multiple sclerosis (MS) and have a hard time with heat intolerance during summer months, try some of these tips to let you get out there and join the fun.
Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) for Multiple...
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is used in many neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS). In some studies, IVIG has been shown to be effective for MS in preventing relapses in postpartum women, delaying onset of MS after clinically isolated syndrome and in primary progressive MS.
Prepare Your Veins for Infusions
One thing that most of us with MS have to deal is getting stuck with needles. Try a couple of these tips to make the unpleasant infusion process easier.
Low Muscle Endurance and Impaired Gait in Early...
People with multiple sclerosis may have low muscle endurance and walk differently than others, even in the very early stages of the disease.
Optic Neuritis
Optic neuritis is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis in which a person develops vision problems. These problems are usually in one eye and reversible.
Get a Handicapped Parking Placard
Many people with multiple sclerosis could benefit from using a handicapped parking placard. Even if you are ambulatory, consider getting a tag if you suffer from heat intolerance or fatigue.
Basic Rules of the Swank Diet for Multiple...
The Swank diet is a low-fat, mostly plant-based diet. Learn more specific information here.
I have to get up often during the night to...
Frequent urination at night is called nocturia, which is a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS).
Tips to Optimize Your MRI Experience for...
In multiple sclerosis, MRIs are a common way to test for diagnosis and disease progression. An MRI can be a scary, loud, hot experience. Use these tips to minimize your discomfort and have a better time in the MRI tube.
Benefits of Cranberry Juice for MS
Cranberry juice can help people with multiple sclerosis by reducing the incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs), which people with MS are prone to. UTIs can lead to relapses, so if you have MS, drink your cranberry juice! Learn how much and what kind to drink to get the effects.
Should You Use Avonex to Treat Multiple...
If you are considering Avonex as a treatment for multiple sclerosis, you need to know the facts about Avonex's side effects, efficacy, cost, contraindications, convenience and more to help you make your decision. Learn more about Avonex and be an informed patient.
T1-Weighted Lesions
T1-weighted lesions in MS are areas that appear dark on MRI scans and indicate areas of permanent damage.
I'm 70 and my doctor says I am too old for MS...
While age alone is not a factor in prescribing disease-modifying therapies for multiple sclerosis (MS), there may be other reasons that they are not appropriate, such as the type of MS you have. Learn more about decisions around MS treatments for older people.
Selenium and Multiple Sclerosis
Some people with multiple sclerosis (MS) may have low levels of selenium or of glutathione peroxidase, an enzyme produced from selenium in the body. However, it is not advisable to take high doses of selenium (or other antioxidants) if you have MS.
: The loss of myelin (the fatty protective sheath surrounding nerve cells) caused by multiple sclerosis
Cognitive Dysfunction as a Symptom of MS...
Cognitive dysfunction is one of the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), yet one of the most overlooked. Problems with short-term memory, attention difficulties and word-finding problems are all part of MS-related cognitive dysfunction. Page 2.
Erectile Dysfunction as a Symptom of Multiple...
Erectile dysfunction is a very common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), experienced by up to 85% of men with MS.
Sleep and MS
Sleep is important for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Because of fatigue, a poor night’s sleep can really impair a person with MS’s ability to perform daily activities. Learn about good sleep habits and address problems that may interfere with sleep and cause insomnia.
What To Say To Someone Who Is Newly Diagnosed...
Chances are that you will be in a situation where someone who has just been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) will look to you for insight on what it is like to live with MS. Here are some ideas of what to say and what not to say for someone newly diagnosed with MS.
Is Multiple Sclerosis Genetic?
Is multiple sclerosis (MS) genetic? A study published in August 2007 reported a new genetic risk factor for MS. The study shows that people who have certain variations or mutations of two different genes (IL7RA and IL2RA) are more likely to have MS than people without these mutations. The data did not show a direct causal link, rather an increased susceptibility to MS.
Speech Problems and Multiple Sclerosis:...
Speech problems is a frustrating symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS) - people with MS share their experience with speech-related symptoms.
How is Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis...
Diagnosing primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) is particularly challenging, as people with PPMS do not have definite relapses characteristic of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, but rather experience a gradual worsening of symptoms. In addition, MRI scans of the brain often appear normal.
An In-Depth Look at IEED in Multiple Sclerosis
Involuntary emotional expression disorder (IEED), also known as pseudobulbar affect, is a symptom that affects approximately 10% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). IEED is characterized by outbursts of crying or laughter, but without corresponding emotions behind these outbursts. Learn more about IEED to make sure that you are receiving the correct diagnosis and treatment.
Low Dose Naltrexone as a Treatment for Multiple...
There are thousands of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) using low-dose naltrexone (LDN) as an off-label treatment for MS-related symptoms and to halt disease progression. However, scientific evidence for LDN is sparse. Read more about low-dose naltrexone and multiple sclerosis.
Is there a test that can determine if you have...
Diagnosing MS used to require a minimum of two relapses to meet diagnostic criteria. MRI scans have improved the process of monitoring and diagnosing MS dramatically and have led to the development of the McDonald Criteria, which incorporates the use of MRIs into the diagnosing process.
Keep a Multiple Sclerosis Symptom Log
Multiple sclerosis symptoms can be strange and unpredictable. By understanding your symptoms and the triggers for them you can better manage your MS.
Top 10 Organizations for Multiple Sclerosis...
There are a number of organizations to assist someone with MS in finding information and support. From multiple sclerosis foundations and non-profit organization to federal agencies, there are many organizations that can answer your questions, provide assistance and connect you with other people with MS.
Tips for Dealing with Swallowing Problems in...
Since many people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have difficulties swallowing, also called dysphagia, it is important to adopt proper habits when eating or drinking. These can help people avoid problems such as choking and aspiration pneumonia in the future.
Evoked Potentials for Diagnosis of Multiple...
Evoked potential tests measure how long it takes for stimulation of different nerves to reach the brain and how big the response is.
Testing for JC Virus Antibodies for Tysabri-Rel...
A simple blood test is in development that could help doctors and people with MS know who was at higher risk for Tysabri-related PML.
How Cold Affects Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
Although most people with multiple sclerosis (MS) feel worse in the heat, there is a percentage of us who have increased symptoms in cold weather.
Tips for Hot Feet and MS
Many people with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience hot, burning feet at night. See what some people do to find relief from this problem.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Multiple Sclerosis
Low levels of omega-3 fatty acids were found in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). While this does not automatically mean that these low levels have anything to do with our MS symptoms or disease, some small studies have suggested that maybe omega-3 fatty acids can help us.
What Is the Difference Between Alzheimer’...
While multiple sclerosis (MS) and Alzheimer's disease are both neurological disorders, they have different mechanisms of action, different causes and different symptoms and levels of severity.
Oldest person with MS?
This is a report of a man who live an active life with MS until he died at age 97.
Osteoporosis and Multiple Sclerosis
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are at elevated risk for osteoporosis. This is because people with MS are often less active due to disability. Risk of osteoporosis is also increased in multiple sclerosis due to use of steroids to treat some of the symptoms and relapses of MS. Osteoporosis is an especially dangerous condition for people with MS because of increased risk of falling due to MS-related symptoms involving balance and coordination.
Stress and Multiple Sclerosis
Having MS can cause an increase in stress in a person’s life. Some think that stress can cause a worsening of MS or even cause MS itself. Explore the relationship between stress and MS.
In multiple sclerosis (MS), a lesion is an area of the central nervous system that is inflamed or has been demyelinated.
When Is Solu-Medrol Used in Multiple Sclerosis?
Many of us with multiple sclerosis, especially relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), have experienced a course of Solu-Medrol, the high-dose intravenous corticosteroid used to lessen symptoms of relapses by bringing down inflammation in the central nervous system. In most cases it is a clear-cut case of when the doctor should prescribe Solu-Medrol, as a relapse is occurring, but what about other situations?
What is the Swank Diet for Multiple Sclerosis?
The Swank Diet is a largely plant-based, low-fat diet that thousands of people with MS follow. Its creator, Dr. Swank, conducted a study in which people with MS who followed this diet experienced much less disease progression and disability than those who ate a more typical diet.
Why Isn't Everyone With MS on Treatment?
Despite strong recommendations from the National MS Society and most MS advocates, many people with MS are not on disease-modifying therapies. Learn some of the reasons why people might not be on therapy – and why these reasons aren’t good enough.
Parasthesia describes an abnormal sensation that is not typically painful.
Yoga and MS
Yoga is becoming a common form of exercise for people living with multiple sclerosis. Yoga provides a gentle way to build strength, flexibility and balance that can be adapted for an individual’s health status. Yoga can even be used to rehabilitate people who have disabilities.
In multiple sclerosis areas of the brain or spinal cord that have been damaged form plaques.
Doctors Not Prescribing Enough MS Drugs
A study shows that a shocking majority of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) are not on one of the disease-modifying therapies. Learn more about the details of this study, “Analysis of NAMCS data for multiple sclerosis, 1998-2004.”
Is Tysabri Right for You?
If you are considering Tysabri as a treatment for multiple sclerosis, you need to know the facts about Tysabri's side effects, efficacy, cost, contraindications, convenience and safety.
Smoking Makes Multiple Sclerosis Worse
Smoking has been shown to increase risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), but until recently, the impact of smoking on MS disability and progression was unknown. Research now shows that smoking speeds progression from relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis to secondary-progressive MS.
Bee Venom Therapy for MS
Bee venom therapy, or bee sting therapy, is a form of apitherapy which is used by many people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and other disorders. While people claim to experience symptom relief from this therapy, effectiveness has not been scientifically proven and it carries a number of risks.
Social Challenges of People with Multiple...
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) can have some cognitive dysfunction symptoms that interfere with their social abilities.
The Solu-Medrol Experience
Solu-Medrol is a corticosteroid given to people with multiple sclerosis (MS) to shorten relapses. Learn what to expect during your Solu-Medrol treatment.
My wife has MS and doesn't want to have sex...
Multiple sclerosis can cause sexual dysfunction in women. These problems range from difficulty achieving orgasm to loss of libido. Treatment and therapies exist for many of these problems. Through open communication and a proactive mindset, MS-related sexual problems can often be overcome.
Am I More Likely to Develop Alzheimer’s...
Multiple sclerosis (MS) and Alzheimer's disease are both neurological disorders. People with MS often wonder if they are more likely to develop Alzheimer's disease than the general population. Learn the answer here.
Social Challenges and MS: Readers' Stories
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) share their stories of social difficulties.
Things NOT to Say to People with Multiple...
Sometimes, the most well-meaning people say the wrong things. Here are some tips on things not to say to people with multiple sclerosis.
How to Be Happy Living with Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) presents many challenges, both physical and emotional. While it can be hard to find joy in your days, it can be done.
Word Finding Problems and MS: Reader Experiences
Many people with multiple sclerosis (MS) have the problem of losing the words they want to use during conversation.
Top 10 Sex Tips for Men with Multiple Sclerosis
It is estimated that 70 percent of men with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience some form of sexual difficulties, most often erectile dysfunction. As sex is an important part of health, it is important to address these challenges. There are many things that you (and your partner) can do to keep sex alive in your relationship.
My husband has MS and doesn't like sex anymore....
Multiple sclerosis can cause sexual dysfunction in men. These problems range from a loss of libido to the inability to have an erection. Treatment and therapies exist for many of these problems. Through open communication and a proactive mindset, MS-related sexual problems can often be overcome.
Should You Use Rebif to Treat Multiple Sclerosis?
If you are considering Rebif as your multiple sclerosis disease-modifying therapy, you need to know the facts about Rebif side effects, efficacy, cost, contraindications, convenience and other practical matters to help you make your decision. Learn more about Rebif and be an informed patient.
When Should I Get a Cane if I Have Multiple...
Canes can be very helpful for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). They can not only offer support and help with balance, but they can also provide us with a sense of security for those days when we are not quite sure how things are going to go.
Provigil as Treatment for MS Fatigue
Provigil (modafinil) is commonly prescribed to treat fatigue in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). It has been shown to be clearly beneficial in people experiencing MS-related fatigue. While Provigil is generally a safe drug, it has the potential to interact with many other medications, including lowering effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives.
Copaxone Immediate Post-Injection Reaction
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Monitoring and Treatment After a Clinically...
Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) The term “clinically isolated syndrome” (CIS) refers to an “attack” that has one or more symptoms resembling multiple sclerosis (optic neuritis, numbness and tingling, weakness) that lasts for at least 24 hours in someone who has not been diagnosed with MS. Learn about the recommendations for monitoring and treating people who have experienced a clinically isolated syndrome (CIS).

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